Careers in Law

Careers in Law

Report – Law Law is a set of rules that guides our conduct in society. It is a rule of personal conduct enforced by institutions called courts. There is no specific definition of law. It is important to study law to be aware of one’s rights and responsibilities, uphold justice, and eventually, use this information to make a difference in someone’s life. Students pursue law at undergraduate, post-graduate, and Ph.D. levels to practice in the legal field. It is one of the most sought-after and popular career options in the country.
Eligibility for Graduation Courses in Law:

  • The student should have completed 12th from any board (State/ National/ NIOS) in India.
  • Students from ANY stream (Science/ Commerce/ Humanities) are eligible for the course
  • Admission to the course can be based on merit and entrance exam scores.
  • The student should score a minimum of 45% in their 12th-grade board exams.
  • One has to clear the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) (mandatory post-2010) for practicing law in court
Career Path: There are two ways a student can pursue an undergraduate law degree (LLB) post their 12th:5-year Integrated LLB:

  • The program includes a graduate program along with the core LLB degree (BA LLB, B. Com LLB, etc.)
  • It helps in getting a dual degree by the end of the 5 years
  • It comprises of subjects under law as well as the subjects related to the graduation program chosen by the student

3 year LLB:

  • It can be pursued only after they have completed their graduation but doesn’t make it a postgraduate degree
  • The students will be studying the fundamentals of law and the constitution of India

In addition to this, there is the BLS LLB degree which stands for Bachelor of Legal Science & Bachelor of Legislative Law. It is a five years integrated course in the field of law which can be pursued post 12th. It trains the student to learn principles of law and trains them for a career in law right from the first year.

Entrance Exams: The overall entrance exam syllabus for law usually focuses on the following. The student should visit college-specific websites and understand the entrance exam criteria for the specific exam post they decide on the colleges they want to go to pursue the course. Due to COVID 19, a lot of entrance tests may happen online:

  • English language (Comprehension)
  • General Knowledge (Current Affairs)
  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical and Deductive Reasoning
  • Quantitative techniques (Math up to 10th grade)

The various entrance exams that the students have to give (government and private colleges) to pursue their graduation course in Law are as follows. Most students who want to pursue a career in Law give the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) exam. In addition to this, there are other colleges too that may have their specific entrance exam for admission:

Entrance Exam NameCollege – Government
CLAT – Common Law Admission TestNLUs – National Law Universities
MHT CET – Maharashtra Common Entrance TestGovernment Law Colleges in Maharashtra
KLEE – Kerala Law Entrance ExamGovernment Law Colleges in Kerala
AP LAW CET – Andhra PradeshGovernment Law Colleges in Andhra Pradesh
Entrance Exam NameCollege – Private
BVP CET Law – Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance TestBharati Vidyapeeth
AMU – Aligarh Muslim University Law Entrance ExamAMU Aligarh, Malappurram, Mushirdabad
BHU – UET – Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance TestBanaras Hindu University
CULEE – Christ University Law Entrance ExamChrist University, Bangalore
SLAT – Symbiosis Law Entrance TestSymbiosis Law Schools, Pune and Noida
Colleges and Institutes: The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) came up with the National Institutional Ranking Framework which helps us in understanding the top universities/ colleges that offer Law as a course in their institute. Keeping the data in reference, we are listing down some of the most sought after colleges for pursuing a course in Law:

  • National Law School of India University, Bangalore – CLAT (Common Law Entrance Test)
  • National Law University, Delhi – AILET (All India Law Entrance Test)
  • NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad – CLAT
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur – IIT Kharagpur Law Entrance Exam
  • National Law University, Jodhpur – CLAT
  • WB National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata – CLAT
  • Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar – CLAT
  • Symbiosis Law School, Pune – SLAT (Symbiosis Law Entrance Test)
  • Jamia Millia Islamia Law University, Delhi – JMI BA LLB
  • Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala – CLAT
Diploma and Certification Courses in Law: The different Diploma and Certification Courses that a student can pursue if they want to make a shift from their current field and pursue law are as follows. Students who are already studying law can decide on specific courses that they want to study, in addition to their current syllabus, and build up their profile with additional skill sets. In addition to this, there are various other diploma and certification courses that can be pursued depending on their area of interest and skill sets.
Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Cyber Law – 1 year, Eligibility – 10+2, Any Board (College-specific percentage eligibility)
  • Diploma in Taxation and Law – 1 year, Eligibility – 10+2, Any Board (College-specific percentage eligibility)
Certificate Programs:

  • Certification Course in Intellectual Property, 3-6 months, Eligibility – 10 + 2, Any board, Min. 50%
  • Certificate Course in Human Rights, 6 months – 2 years, Eligibility – 10 +2, Any Board (College-specific percentage eligibility)
Skills and Abilities: An aspiring student who needs to ace their course and career in Law should have certain skills and abilities to be successful in the career. The student needs to be proficient in verbal ability, numerical ability, logical ability, and in soft skills like leadership and decision-making, clerical and organizational ability, and social and cooperation skills.
Personality: The personality of an individual also makes an impact on the profile/specialization the student takes. For pursuing a career in Law, an individual could be an introvert/ extrovert or an ambivert with respect to interaction with people. Depending on their personality, they could choose specific profiles they would want to pursue in the future which align with their needs. The individual needs to be observant, detail-oriented, and practical. They need to be logical and rational while making decisions and not be driven by their emotions. They also need to be organized to ensure the work is completed on time and the deadlines are met.
Post Graduation Courses: The different post-graduation courses post completion of a Bachelor Degree in Law are:

  • Civil Law
  • Tax Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Corporate Law
  • International Law
  • Intellectual Property Law
  • Financial Law
  • Energy Law
  • Constitutional Law
  • Public Policy Law and Governance

In addition to this, there are various other courses the students can opt for depending on their areas of interest and skills. Out of these, criminal law, civil law, corporate law, cyber law, and intellectual property law, are the most sought-after courses.

Career Options in Law: The different career options post studying Law are:

  • Advocate
  • Work for Government Services
  • Legal Advisor
  • Judiciary – Judge
  • Legal Outsourcing
  • Legal Analyst
  • Legal Researcher
  • Work with Private Companies

In addition to this, there are various other career options that the student can opt for depending on their areas of interest and skills. Law is one of the fields that is not immensely affected due to recession, pandemics, or economic downfall. Skilled lawyers in various fields of law are always in demand in every country to guide individuals, organizations as well as governments to make legal decisions and actions. To advance further in the field and earn better, a Master’s degree in Law is necessary.

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