Careers in Psychology

Careers in Psychology

Psychology

is the scientific study of mind and behaviour (as defined by the American Psychological Association). A student can pursue Psychology courses in India at various levels – Graduation, Post Graduation, Certification, and Diploma courses (specializations). This can be pursued in both online and offline modes. Offline modes are strongly recommended as it helps us to obtain practical knowledge and information. The study of Psychology is very important for us because we often talk about the importance of physical health but fail to understand how mental health can also impact our daily routine and life. The study of psychology and mental health helps in creating a healthier space for individuals to talk about their emotional concerns with mental health professionals, process what they feel and learn healthier coping mechanisms.

Eligibility for Graduation Courses

  • The student should have completed 12th from any board (State/ National/ NIOS) in India.
  • Students from ANY stream (Science/ Commerce/ Humanities) are eligible for Psychology Courses (For BA/ B. Sc. Psychology)
  • Specific Colleges/ Institutes for Psychology Courses may mention additional eligibility criterias during the time of admission.
  • Admission to the course can be based on merit and entrance exam scores.
  • The student should score a minimum of 45% in their 12th-grade board exams.
Difference between BA Psychology and BSc. Psychology

The difference between both the courses is that, B.Sc. Psychology as a course is more practical in nature and focuses on research while BA psychology focuses more on theory and is philosophical in nature.

Entrance Exams
The various entrance exams that the students have to give to pursue their graduation course in Psychology are as follows. In addition to this, there are other colleges too that may have their own specific entrance exam for admission:
Entrance Exam NameEntrance Exam Month
*subject to change (COVID)
College
CUET – Christ University Entrance TestRegistration – December – April
Exam Month – April
Christ University, Bangalore, Lavassa
FEAT – Flame University Aptitude test
Also accepts SAT and ACT scores
Between November – MayFlame University, Pune
MET – Manipal Entrance TestApplication – December – March
Exam Month – April
Manipal, Karnataka
DUET – Delhi University Entrance TestsApplication – March
Exam Month – June
Colleges in Delhi University (different criteria for each college)
JMI Entrance ExamApplication – February – March
Exam Month – May
Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi
CUCET – Central Universities Common Entrance TestApplication – March – April
Exam Month – May
About 14 Central Universities across India
JUET – Jammu University Entrance TestApplication – May
Exam Month – June
University of Jammu
Colleges and Institutes
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) came up with the National Institutional Ranking Framework which helps us in understanding the top universities/ colleges that offer Psychology as a course in their institute. Keeping the data in reference, we are listing down some of the most sought after colleges for pursuing a course in Psychology
TOP B.A Colleges (Private and Government Colleges)
2- Lady Shri Ram College, Delhi
4- St. Stephen’s College, Delhi
5- Presidency College, Chennai
6- Loyola College, Chennai
7- St Xavier’s College, Calcutta (Kolkata)
10. PSGR Krishnammal College for Women, Coimbatore
11- Rama Krishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary College, West Bengal
14 – Sri Venkateshwara College, Chennai
Diploma and Certification Courses in Psychology

The different Diploma and Certification Courses that a student can pursue while studying for their graduation and post-graduation programs are mentioned below. These diploma and certification courses can be taken up to build upon additional skills that are required when they are working in the field as mental health professionals. In addition to the ones mentioned below, there are various other certification and diploma programs that can be pursued, depending on their area of interest and skills

Diploma Programs

Diploma Courses (post 12th): Diploma in Counseling and Guidance – 1 year
Diploma Courses (post-graduation):

  • PG Diploma in Mental Health – 1 year
  • PG Diploma in Counseling and Psychotherapy – 1 year
  • PG Diploma in Counseling Skills – 10 months
Certificate Programs

Depending on the forms of therapy the student feels interested in, the student can take up additional certification courses and learn psychoanalysis, behavioral therapy, rational emotive behavioral therapy, play therapy, art therapy, family and marriage counseling, career counseling, etc. These build upon the skill sets the students require when they start working on ground post their post graduation.

Skills and Abilities

An aspiring student who needs to ace at their course and career in Psychology, should have certain skills and abilities to be successful in the career. The student needs to be high in the skill of verbal ability, logical ability, and reasoning, and in soft skills like leadership and decision- making, clerical and organizational ability, and social and cooperation skills.

Personality

The personality of an individual also makes an impact on the profile/specialization the student takes. For pursuing a career in Psychology, an individual could be an introvert/ extrovert or an ambivert with respect to interaction with people. Depending on their personality, they could choose specific profiles they would want to pursue in the future with respect to interaction with people. The individual needs to be more intuitive to understand the other individual/s better, needs to be feeling-oriented to understand the emotions of the other individual/s well and be empathetic and also be organized to ensure the work is completed on time.

Post Graduation Courses

The different post-graduation courses post completion of a Bachelor Degree in Psychology are

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Counseling Psychology
  • Industrial Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Sports Psychology
  • Criminal Psychology
  • Consumer Psychology
  • Health Psychology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Statistics
  • Developmental Psychology

And many more…
Out of these, clinical and counseling psychology are the most sought-after courses and most students want to pursue them post their graduation in psychology. Recently, industrial psychology has also been one of the sought-after courses post-graduation if the student would like to work in the corporate sector.

Career Options in Psychology

The different career options post studying psychology are

  • Psychotherapist
  • Counselor
  • School Counselor
  • Soft skills trainer
  • Career Counselor
  • Substance Abuse Counselor
  • Marriage and Family therapist
  • Social worker
  • Research Assistant
  • Counseling in Hospitals/ Corporates/ Private settings
  • Professor

And many more….
Depending on their area of interest, and the skills they have, students can apply for specific job roles and pursue the same.

Recruiting Organizations

The different recruiting organizations post completion of post graduation in Psychology are

  • Hospitals
  • Mental Health Centers
  • NGOs
  • Career Counseling Centers
  • Educational Institutes – Schools/ Colleges as Counselor and Professors
  • Corporates
  • Rehabilitation Centers
  • Research Centers
  • Publishing Centers

And many more….
Depending on the organization and the population the individual wants to work with, they can apply for jobs post completion of their education. It is recommended that students apply for internships during graduation and post graduation, to acquaint themselves with different settings.

With COVID 19 cases constantly on the rise, and with the increasing understanding of mental health due to the emotional difficulties faced by different individuals, the need for mental health professionals to support various individuals in need is on the rise. The field of psychology is very highly intrinsically rewarding if individuals are interested in the field and have the necessary skill sets. Depending on the population they feel comfortable with, students can decide on working with children, teenagers, young adults, children/ adults with special needs, adults, or the geriatric population.

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