Physiotherapy is the branch of medicine concerned with physical disorders. The study of physiotherapy includes the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease using physical methods.Physiotherapists as a profession help develop, maintain or restore motor functions and movement of physically injured patients. The skills required for a physiotherapist are to communicate clearly and effectively with patients and formulate the treatment plan for them.
Dr. Shobha Keswani. Dr. Naveen K S, Dr. Nigamaja Hariharan, Dr. Tarun Lala, and Dr. Shuchita Bansal are some of the top physiotherapists in India. 

Physiotherapy Courses in India

There are three types of Physiotherapy courses:

1) Diploma courses
2) Bachelor courses
3) Postgraduate Course

1. Details for Diploma Course in Physiotherapy
A diploma in Physiotherapy (DPT) is a two-year professional paramedical course. The course fees range from Rs 10,000 – Rs 5,00,000/. The eligibility for the course is that the candidate must complete 12th Grade in the science stream(Physics , Chemistry and Biology ). The admission for the course is based on merit. The students will get admission according to the marks obtained in the 12th board examination. The syllabus for the Diploma programme in Physiotherapy is Basics of Physiotherapy, Anatomy, First Aid and Nursing, Biomechanics, Orthopedic and Rehabilitation. 

2. Details for the Bachelor’s course in Physiotherapy

The Bachelor’s course in Physiotherapy (BPT) is an undergraduate course that deals with physical movement of the body to cure physical disorders of the people. The duration is four years and six months of internship from the college or university.

Eligibility  :

  1. The candidate must pass 12th Grade in the science stream i.e. Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English with at least 50% marks and the selection criterion of the course is based on merit.
  2. The admission process is based on the candidate’s performance in the entrance examination scores.

Entrance exams: 

Some of the the entrance exams that the candidates could give to pursue their graduation course in physiotherapy are :

Entrance Exam Name Merit /  General
MS Ramaiah College of Physiotherapy Merit exam based admission / Management quota based admission
All India Medical Entrance Examination  (AIIMS ) Entrance exam based admission
Jamia Millia Islamia University New Delhi (JMI Entrance Exam BPT) Entrance exam based admission
IPU CET (Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test) Entrance exam based admission
Manipal Entrance Test (MET) Merit Based Examination admission


Structure and Syllabus of the Physiotherapy Entrance Exam
The national, regional, or university entrance exams compose 100 questions and are in the type of Multiple Choices Questions. The structure of the Physiotherapy Entrance Exam will consist of questions based on the 12th Grade curriculum and encompasses three sections firstly candidates’ knowledge of the English language, secondly aptitude and proficiency and thirdly knowledge of basic subjects they have studied in their higher secondary level. Each entrance exam has its own syllabus.  TheIPU CET (Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test) is through National Level Test conducted or through Common Entrance Tests (CET) conducted by the University .The exam duration is for three hours with 150 questions in English medium.

Job Profiles after completion of  Bachelors of Physiotherapy with Salary Range

Job Profile Job Description
Physiotherapist The role is providing proper physiotherapy treatment to injured patients
Researcher The job role involves coordinating with other team members to achieve research goals.
Sports physio rehabilitator The job role is working with agencies to heal the injuries of a sports person.
Medical coding analyst The job role is to work with health care professionals who work with health insurance agents in billing client care


3. Details for the Post Graduate Course (Master’s Degree)
The master’s programme is a two-year course and pursued after completing a Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy. The course focuses on the techniques and methods used by physiotherapists to apply modern and natural techniques.

Eligibility :

The eligibility for the course is the candidate must obtain a 50% score in Bachelor’s degree from a recognised board or university in the same field i.e Bachelor of Physiotherapy. A mandatory internship in the same field from a trusted organization.

Entrance Exams:

Some of the entrance exams that the candidates have to give to pursue their post graduation courses in physiotherapy are :

Entrance Exam Name Merit / General 
AIAHCET (All India Allied health common entrance test) Entrance exam based admission
CMC Vellore Test (CMC MPT Test) Entrance exam based admission
Indraprastha university common entrance exam (IPU CET) Entrance exam based admission
Chandigarh University (Chandigarh University Common Entrance Test (CUCET) Entrance exam based admission
Manipal Entrance Test (MET) Merit Based Examination admission


The specializations under master’s in physiotherapy are as follows :

1. Masters Program in Cardio-Pulmonary Sciences: The post-graduation course that offers in-depth knowledge on diagnosis and study of coronary diseases, artery diseases, congenital heart defects, and valvular heart diseases.

2.Masters Program in Neurosciences: The post-graduation course allows physiotherapists to extend their knowledge base and professional expertise in neurological rehabilitation.

3.Masters Program in Orthopedics: The post-graduation course that gives knowledge on treatment of the musculoskeletal system.

Professional  prospects in the field of physiotherapy


Job role  Entry level Salary Range
Sports Therapist Annual :  4.8 LPA
Home Visits It varies.  Each consultation sessions range between ₹800 – ₹2000
Neuro Physiotherapist Annual : ₹5.50 lakhs per annum
Physiotherapy Clinic (setting up a clinic ) ₹ 2.5 lakhs  average.

The demand of Physiotherapists in Government Jobs

There is a high demand for physiotherapists in the fields of Indian Army and Indian Sports Team like National Ayush Mission, Central Reserve Police force (CRPF), Sports Authority of India (SAI), Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS Lucknow) AIIMS (All India Institute Of medical science) and National Institute for the empowerment of persons with Multiple Disabilities (NIEPMD).

Top recruiters in private sectors in the field of Physiotherapy are: 

The top recruiters who hire physiotherapists are Fortis, Max Healthcare, Indian Council of Medical Research, Apollo Hospital Sports Teams and Educational Institutions.

Personality needed for the career

Physiotherapists are artistic and realistic. They work in all types of settings. They show highly on social responsibility as they will be dealing with and helping in the person’s mobility. They tend to be highly sensitive to the needs of others and value harmony. The personality interest of the client should be high on realistic, social responsibility and convincing.

Scope for physiotherapists

In India, there is a growing demand for physiotherapists as lifestyles have tremendously changed with increased urbanization. Physiotherapists are autonomous professionals who are needed and operate as members of health service or rehabilitation teams. If you are someone who would like to do a hands-on job and work for human well- being then Physiotherapy is a career option to consider.



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